Hellenism in the Roman Late Republic and the Augustan Period:
Anchoring through Translation in Literary and Material Culture
PhD Position (4 years, 1,0 fte), Leiden University
Prof. dr. Antje Wessels (Leiden) and Prof. dr. Miguel John Versluys (Leiden)
Anchoring Work Package 9: Roman Republic and Augustan Period
The final two centuries BC see dramatic changes in all domains (political, social, economic, material, cultural) of Roman (late) Republican society. This is a contingent process that will result in the formation of what we call Roman culture. The influx of foreign objects, ideas and peoples plays a defining role in this process of emerging identity that is characterized by many innovations. As a result, Roman culture anchors itself in the tradition of others. Previous discussions on this fascinating process of cultural formation have shown that we deal with very conscious and specific ways of Roman selection, appropriation and assimilation; a project of translation in which (the Greek and Hellenistic) Other was made into (the Roman) Self. This project will investigate the hypothesis that such processes of translation are examples of how Roman culture anchored itself in (the history of) the wider Hellenistic world and thus was able to develop from a regional player into a global superpower.
Understanding translation as a broader social and cultural practice, this research project – which envisions two PhD candidates and one PD researcher – will analyse the material culture (PhD) and literature (PhD + PD) from such a perspective.
Rome was a melting pot and under the influence of indigenous Italic culture and other literary and cultural traditions. Intellectuals came from all places of a globalized world. They were brought to Rome as prisoners of war or ‘spoils’, e.g. after the capture of Tarentum in 209 BC, after the third Macedonian war in 168, after the Battle of Corinth in 146, and during the Mithridatic wars between 88 BC and 63 BC. In Rome, they acted as teachers, scholars and/or authors. Coming from ‘outside’, they contributed to the cultural translation of current discourses (including ideas on the relation of literary and visual/material culture; literature and religion, literature and politics) and allowed for their negotiation, appropriation and development in Roman culture. Intellectuals, specifically from the Hellenistic world, had a great impact on the process of shaping Roman identity and the ‘traditions’ Romans aimed to be in line with. The PhD candidate will analyse a particular case study (either a specific author, text or period, or a specific genre or discourse) in depth.
PhD Candidates are invited to develop their own research project and to submit a structured PhD proposal (title, research question, scholarly background, aims, method, corpus). The case study selected should analyse how Hellenism and its ‘disruptive energy’ is ‘translated’ into an anchor in order to shape Roman Late Republican and Augustan society and culture. We specifically (but not exclusively) welcome case studies which allow for a comparison between the developments of literary and visual culture.
More information about the Anchoring Innovation research agenda of OIKOS can be found on the OIKOS website (www.anchoringinnovation.nl) and in an article by Ineke Sluiter, entitled “Anchoring Innovation: a Classical Research Agenda” (Anchoring Innovation: A Classical Research Agenda | European Review | Cambridge Core). The work package to which the project will be assigned will be determined once the period to which the project mostly relates is determined.
The Faculty of Humanities of Leiden University is a unique international center for the advanced study of languages, cultures, arts, and societies worldwide, in their historical contexts from prehistory to the present. Our faculty is home to more than 6,000 students and 800 staff members. For more information see www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/humanities.
The Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society (LUCAS) is one of the seven Research Institutes of the Faculty of Humanities. LUCAS is dedicated to ground-breaking research that explores the multifaceted relationships between the arts and society. For more information see https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/humanities/centre-for-the-arts-in-society.
PhD project, 4 years (1.0 FTE, 38 hrs per week), starting date to be agreed upon, with a preference for January 1, 2023. Initially the employee will receive a one-year contract, with extension for the following 36 months on condition of a positive evaluation. It is possible to extend the position over 5 years at 0,8 fte. The appointment must lead to the completion of a PhD thesis. Salary range from € 2.434 to € 3.111 gross per month for a fulltime appointment (pay scale for PhDs, in accordance with the Collective Labour Agreement for Dutch Universities).
Leiden University offers an attractive benefits package with additional holiday (8%) and end-of-year bonuses (8.3%), training and career development. Candidates from outside the Netherlands may be eligible for a substantial tax break. For more information: http://www.workingat.leiden.edu/.
The Anchoring Innovation program is strongly committed to diversity within its team and especially welcomes applications from members of underrepresented groups.
Enquiries about the position can be addressed to Prof. dr. Antje Wessels, email@example.com. We deliberately scheduled a long period between this announcement and the deadline for submission so that candidates have ample time to prepare their own versions of the projects outlined above. We know that the design of a good project takes time and effort. Do not hesitate to contact the prospective supervisor about this. Questions about the procedure can be directed to Dr Suzanne van de Liefvoort, firstname.lastname@example.org.
In order to be considered, applications must include the following information (in the same order), in one PDF file (not zipped):
Please submit your complete application to Dr Suzanne van de Liefvoort, the coordinator of the Anchoring program via email@example.com before April 24, 2022. Interviews will take place in the week of 30 May – 3 June, 2022 and will possibly be held online.